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Walnut: Young's Seedling - Bareroot

Walnut: Young's Seedling - Bareroot

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Mature height x width:

 approx 40-60'-35'-50'

Recommended initial spacing:

as close as 7'-10'

Recommended final spacing:


Hardy to: approx -25°C (-15 F)

Preferred soil:

deep, rich, well-draining, loamy soil

Good for:

full sun, easy cracking nuts, high yield


desserts, main course

Persian walnut AKA English walnut (Juglans regia). This is a seedling of ‘Young's B1’ - a seedling of 'Broadview' from the historic Gellatly nut farm in Kelowna, BC. Young's B1 is another great seedling source: hardy, vigorous, drought-tolerant, blight-resistant, and produces large well-filled nuts. Parent is hardy to zones 6a-8.       

Walnuts are vigorous, hardy, productive trees when planted in the right location. They can grow more than 24” each year, and seedlings will yield nuts 4-8 years after planting. They eventually produce abundant crops of nutritious nuts. Partially self-fertile, but we recommend at least two trees to ensure the best crop.

Planting: Walnuts prefer deep, loamy, well-drained soil with pH 5 to 8. They do well on north- and east-facing slopes, and they like to be protected from high wind and frost. They will do best in full sun (at least six hours) but can tolerate partial shade (expect slower growth and reduction in yield). Avoid excessively gravelly or sandy soils (chestnuts or pinenuts would be better suited). Walnuts need ample moisture but they won’t tolerate long periods of standing water. 

Recommended orchard spacing is ~25' between the centre of each tree, but planting more densely (as close as 7-10' apart) helps to provide adequate pollination when trees are younger, and enables eventual selection of the most vigorous, productive trees.

Why seedlings? Growing seedlings from productive, vigorous parents helps maintain diversity (each seed is a new variety) while drawing on some of the best walnut genetics in North America. In other words, by planting and growing out these trees, you are participating in the breeding new, regionally-adapted walnut varieties! The parents of these seedlings were selected for producing hardy, vigorous, productive, high-quality nuts. We recommend planting several of these trees closer together and selecting your final tree once they've produced their first nuts (4-8 years) so that you can select the most productive trees with the highest-quality nuts.

Why bare root? "Bare root" means that the tree has been grown in the ground (rather than in a pot). In general, bare root trees tend to have larger root systems because their roots aren't constricted by the edges of the pot. Because we don't need to use pots or potting soil, we can pass on the savings to you. Bareroot trees must be planted when they are still dormant (Nov - Mar in our region).

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